Ndezvipi zvikamu zvakakodzerwa nemachini chaiwo

Ndezvipi zvikamu zvakakodzerwa nemachini chaiwo

Isu tinoziva kuti precision machining ine zvakakwirira zvinodiwa pakurongeka, kunyatsoita machining kune kuomarara kwakanaka, kukwirisa kwekugadzira kugadzira, uye kwakaringana maturusi kuseta, saka inogona kugadzirisa zvikamu zvine yakanyanya kurongeka zvinodiwa.Saka ndezvipi zvikamu zvakakodzerwa nemachini chaiwo?Izvi zvinotevera zvinounzwa naXiaobian:

Chekutanga, zvichienzaniswa neakajairika lathes, CNC lathes ine inogara iine mutsara yekumhanyisa kucheka basa, zvisinei nechiso chekupedzisira kana dhayamita rekunze remadhayamita akasiyana anogona kugadzirwa neakaenzana mutsara kumhanya, ndiko kuve nechokwadi cheiyo yunifomu yehukukutu kukosha. uye zvishoma .Iyo yakajairika lathe ine kukurumidza kukurumidza, uye kumhanya kwekucheka kunosiyana nehupamhi.Kana zvinhu zvechishandiso uye chishandiso, mvumo yekupedzisa uye kona yezvishandiso inogara iripo, hutsinye hwepamusoro hunoenderana nekumhanya kwekucheka uye kukurumidza kwekudya.

Paunenge uchigadzira nzvimbo dzine hutsinye hwakasiyana hwepamusoro, chiyero chidiki chekudyisa chinoshandiswa kune chepamusoro chine huturu hudiki, uye chiyero chepamusoro chekudya chinoshandiswa kune imwe nzvimbo ine hutsinye hukuru, hune musiyano wakanaka, izvo zvakaoma kuwana pane zvakajairika lathes. .Complex contoured parts.Chero ndege inotenderera inogona kufananidzwa nemutsara wakatwasuka kana denderedzwa arc.CNC chaiyo machining ine basa rekududzira denderedzwa, iro rinogona kugadzirisa akasiyana siyana akaoma contour zvikamu.Iko kushandiswa kwe cnc precision machining kunoda kuti mushandisi anyatso shandisa.

CNC precision machining inonyanya kusanganisira kutendeuka kwakanaka, kufinha zvakanaka, kugaya zvakanaka, kugaya kwakanaka uye kugaya maitiro:

(1) Kutenderera kwakanaka uye kufinha zvakanaka: Mazhinji manyoro emwenje alloy (aluminum kana magnesium alloy) zvikamu zvendege zvinogadziriswa neiyi nzira.Zvisikwa zvekristaro maturusi edhaimani anowanzo shandiswa, uye arc radius yemupendero weblade isingasviki 0.1 micron.Machina pane yakakwira-chaiyo lathe inogona kuwana 1 micron kurongeka uye kusaenzana kwepasi neavhareji kureba musiyano weisingasviki 0.2 micron, uye kurongeka kwechokwadi kunogona kusvika ± 2 micron.

(2) Kugaya kwakanaka: inoshandiswa kugadzira aruminiyamu kana beryllium alloy zvimiro zvikamu zvine maumbirwo akaomarara.Vimba nekurongeka kwegwaro uye spindle yemuchina wekushandisa kuti uwane yakakwirira mutual chinzvimbo kurongeka.Kugaya kwepamusoro-soro kwakanyatso kugayiwa matipi edhaimani epamagirazi chaiwo.

(3) Kukuya zvakanaka: inoshandiswa kugadzira shaft kana maburi.Zvizhinji zvezvikamu izvi zvakagadzirwa nesimbi yakaomeswa uye zvine kuoma kwakanyanya.Mazhinji epamusoro-chaiyo ekukuya muchina masipidhi anoshandisa hydrostatic kana dynamic pressure liquid bearings kuti ive nechokwadi chekudzikama.Mukuwedzera kune pesvedzero yehukukutu hwemuchina wemuchina wespindle uye mubhedha, iko kwekupedzisira kurongeka kwekugaya kunoenderanawo nekusarudzwa uye kuenzana kwegumbo rekukuya uye kurongeka kwemachini kwegomba repakati reworkpiece.Kukuya kwakanaka kunogona kuita dimensional kurongeka kwe1 micron uye kunze-kwe-kutenderera kwe 0.5 micron.

(4) Kukuya: Kusarudza uye kugadzirisa zvisingaite zvakasimudzwa zvikamu pamusoro kuti zvigadziriswe uchishandisa musimboti wekutsvagisa mativi ekufananidza.Abrasive particle dhayamita, simba rekucheka uye kupisa kupisa kunogona kunyatsodzorwa, saka ndiyo yakanyanya kurongeka nzira yekugadzira mune chaiyo machining tekinoroji.Iyo hydraulic kana pneumatic mating zvikamu zveiyo chaiyo servo zvikamu zvendege uye zvinotakura zvikamu zveiyo dynamic pressure gyro mota zvese zvinogadziriswa nenzira iyi kuti zviwane kurongeka kwe0.1 kana 0.01 micron uye diki kusaenzana kwe0.005 micron.


Nguva yekutumira: May-27-2020

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